Gum disease is caused by plaque that forms on your teeth. If the plaque is not removed with thorough brushing and cleaning of all surfaces of the teeth, gums become irritated, inflamed and bleed. The irritated gum tissue can separate from the teeth and form “flabby tissue” that creates pockets around the teeth. Bacteria moves into these pockets. Left untreated the inflammatory process will continue and destroy bone and tissues supporting the teeth.
Periodontal Disease is diagnosed by your dentist and dental hygienist during a periodontal examination. This will be assessed at your regular dental check up.
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, the recommendation is to have routine professional cleaning twice a year (every 6 months).
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning with root planning and scaling is recommended. This procedure helps gum tissue heal and pockets shrink.
Regular periodontal maintenance can vary from 3 to 4 times per year to stay on top of the disease.